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Structure of Courts


A. CIVIL

In exercise of powers conferred by sections 3-6 read with all other enabling provisions of the Mizoram Civil Courts Act,2005 as amended, and in prior consultation with the Hon’ble Gauhati High Court, the Governor of Mizoram had constituted following two Judicial Districts in the State of Mizoram, namely- [Vide Notification No. A.12011/32/06- LJE, the 7th January, 2008 published in the Mizoram Gazette, Extra Ordinary Vol. XXXVII, 8.1.2008 Pausa 17, S.E.1929, Issue No.2]

Lunglei Judicial Districtcomprised of the areas covered by the existing administrative and revenue district of Lunglei. In Lunglei Judicial District- One Court of District Judge, one Court of Additional District Judge, one Court of Senior Civil Judge and two Courts of Civil Judges sits in the District Court building at Lunglei.
The jurisdiction of the said Courts has been outlined by the Hon’ble Gauhati High Court in their communication dt.12.12.2007 as below:
(a) The District Judge/Additional District Judge at Lunglei shall have territorial jurisdiction over the undivided Lunglei administrative district viz.Lunglei, Lawngtlai and Saiha.
(b) Senior Civil Judge/Civil Judge shall exercise territorial jurisdiction within the area of their respective administrative districts.
c) Civil Courts of Lunglei District may exercise jurisdiction over the entire Lunglei District including Saiha and Lawngtlai districts, if and when the latter two districts which fall under the area of the sixth scheduled to the Constitution and excluded from the scheme of separation of judiciary, are included in the said scheme.

B. CRIMINAL

In exercise of the powers conferred by sections 6,7,9,11 and 12 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Act No. 2 of 1974), the Governor of Mizoram, after consultation with the Hon’ble Gauhati High Court, had constituted the following Sessions Division in the state of Mizoram, namely:- [Notified under No.A.12011/32/06 - LJE: Dated Aizawl, the 2ndJune, 2008 [Vide, the Mizoram Gazette, Extra Ordinary: Vol. XXXVII, 12.6.2008, Jyaistha 22, S.E. 1930, Issue No. 197] and amended under even No. Dated Aizawl, the 7th Oct., 2008 [Vide, the Mizoram Gazette, Extra Ordinary: Vol. XXXVII, 24.10.2008. Kartika 2, S.E. 1930, Issue No. 430] with the approval of Hon’ble Gauhati High Court

Lunglei Sessions division comprised of the areas covered by the existing administrative and revenue district
of Lunglei, Lawngtlai and Saiha. The Governor of Mizoram, after consultation with the Gauhati High Court and in exercise of the aforesaid powers, is further pleased to set up the following criminal courts in addition to the existing Special Courts Viz. the Court of Special Judge under the Prevention of Corruption Act, the Special Court under ND & PS Act and the Special Court under the Essential Commodities Act, which shall also function as the courts of Additional Sessions Judges, in the above mentioned Sessions Divisions.
(a). One court of Sessions Judge and, one courts of Additional Sessions Judge, one Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate, and two courts of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Lunglei [and at other places as per the details given in Schedules I & II].
(b). One Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate at Lawngtlai and one other court of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Lawngtlai and at other places as per the details given in Schedules I & II.
(c). One Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate at Saiha and three other courts of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Saiha and at other places as per the details given in Schedules I & II.

The jurisdiction of these courts as outlined by the Gauhati High Court shall be as follows:-
(1). The Sessions Judge/Additional Sessions Judges at Aizawl shall exercise territorial jurisdiction over the undivided Aizawl administrative district comprised of Aizawl, Kolasib, Champhai, Serchhip and Mamit districts. The existing Special Courts shall exercise the same territorial jurisdiction of the respective Special Court as notified at the time of their creation.
(2). The Chief Judicial Magistrate and Judicial Magistrates of the First Class in the Aizawl Sessions Division shall exercise territorial jurisdiction within the areas of their respective administrative district, as specified in Schedules-I and II to this notification.
(3). The Sessions Judge/Additional Sessions Judges at Lunglei shall exercise jurisdiction over the entire Lunglei Sessions Division.
(4). The Chief Judicial Magistrate and the Judicial Magistrates of the First Class in the Lunglei Sessions Division shall exercise territorial jurisdiction within the areas of their respective administrative district, as specified in Schedules I & II to this notification.

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